RESILIENCE is the ability to cope with adversity (e.g., anything from an individual setback to a major disaster), to learn from the experience, and to grow stronger as a result. COMMUNITY RESILIENCE is the ability of a community as a whole to cope effectively with, and learn from, adversity. For learning more on community resilience concept see this article: Making the case for community resilience
SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL RESILIENCE aims to improve the adaptability of local communities to environmental, social and economic challenges as a necessary feature for a sustainable future. This concept is demonstrated by the Transition Towns movement – community-led responses to climate change and shrinking supplies of cheap energy. It is one of the most successful examples of communities working to raise awareness and organise collective action for improving their sustainability and resilience.
PLACE-BASED LEARNING (PBL) is an educational approach that uses all aspects of the local environment, including local cultural, historical, and sociopolitical situations and the natural and built environment, as the integrating context for learning (1)
PBL is relevant everywhere because it links learning to the particular characteristics of people and places. It initiates a process of social change by immersing students in local context establishing an active participation between school and community.